Unit Test Review: Human Anatomy and Physiology Part II

Skeletal and Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine and Immune Systems


Skeletal and Muscular System Vocabulary Review

Skeletal and Muscular System Essential Questions

  1. Muscles must work in pairs to do what two things?
  2. What is the difference between a tendon and ligament?
  3. How does bone differ from cartilage?
  4. What is the primary function of bones in our body?
  5. What is the difference between arthritis and tendonitis?
  6. Which blood cells are created in the bone marrow?

Nervous System Vocabulary Review

Nervous System Essential Questions

  1. What do the three main parts of the brain do? Know where they are located in the brain.
  2. Know the parts of a neuron and the direction of nerve impulse (electrochemical) movement.
  3. What is the name of the substance that is secreted by the end of one neuron to be picked up by the next?
  4. How do receptor molecules help nerve cells communicate?
  5. Give an example of a stimulus/response.
  6. Be able to give examples of autonomic and somatic nervous system responses.

Endocrine System Vocabulary Review

Endocrine System Essential Questions

  1. How do insulin and glucagon maintain blood sugar levels?
  2. What specifically does insulin do?
  3. What is the feedback mechanism generated by the pancreas?
  4. What is a negative feedback?
  5. Which gland is the master gland?
  6. What are some of the roles of the pituary gland?
  7. What are the symptoms of goiter and diabetes?

Immune System Vocabulary Review

Immune System Essential Questions

  1. What are examples of pathogens?
  2. What are the two immune responses to an invading pathogen?
  3. What are the three immune system's line of defense to a pathogen? (Know them in order)
  4. Why does your body's immune system reject organ transplants?
  5. Which type of blood is the universal donor?
  6. Know under which circumstances an antibody reaction will occur in a blood transfusion.
  7. Do antibiotics work on bacteria or viruses?
  8. Do white or red blood cells carry out phagocytosis?